Chicken of the Woods mushrooms are medium to large in size, averaging 5-25 centimeters in diameter and are broad, fan-shaped, and grow in multiple, overlapping brackets that look like miniature shelves on the sides of trees. The caps are smooth or slightly wrinkled and are bright orange and white when young, fading to a dull orange and then to completely white when mature. The cap is also slightly grooved with a suede-like feel and a rounded edge. Instead of gills, the underside is composed of white to sulfur-colored, tightly packed pores from which spores can be released. When cooked, Chicken of the Woods mushrooms are juicy, succulent, and meaty with a mild, lemony flavor that many compare to the taste of chicken, lobster, or crab.Seasons/Availability
Chicken of the Woods mushrooms are available in the late summer through early fall.Current Facts
Chicken of the Woods mushrooms, botanically classified as Laetiporus sulphureus, are brightly colored, edible mushrooms that are members of the Polyporaceae family. Also known as Chicken fungus, Chicken mushroom, and Sulphur Shelf, there are about twelve different species of Chicken of the Woods mushrooms that are visually indistinguishable yet are considered biologically distinct as a sibling species. The only way to distinguish one sibling species from another is using ecological factors like growing region and the wood on which it grows. The edible Chicken of the Woods mushrooms are found growing on dead or dying hardwood trees such as oak, cherry, or beech. There are some varieties that grow on conifers, eucalyptus, and cedar, but these should be avoided as they can absorb oils from the trees that may cause intense intestinal irritation. Chicken of the Woods mushrooms are a popular variety for their meaty texture and chicken-like flavor and are often used as a meat substitute in vegetarian dishes.Nutritional Value
Chicken of the Woods mushrooms contain potassium, vitamin C, fiber, vitamin A, and are believed to have antifungal and antibiotic properties.Applications
Chicken of the Woods mushrooms are best suited for cooked applications such as frying, baking, sautéing, and blanching. They are also a popular meat substitute for chicken or tofu and can be used interchangeably in recipes. Before cooking, the mushrooms should be cleaned with a damp paper towel or cloth to remove dirt and debris. It is not recommended to place the mushroom in water as the surface is porous and will absorb excess moisture. Oil should also be used sparingly when cooking as it will be easily absorbed. Chicken of the Woods mushrooms should be cut into bite-sized pieces or strips and sautéed with wine and herbs, butter, or oil. They can also be baked or deep fried and served with a dipping sauce or sliced and cooked into risottos, curries, casseroles, egg dishes, rice dishes, soups, and stews. Chicken of the Woods pair well with asparagus, fiddlehead ferns, English peas, ramp bulbs, spinach, chive blossoms cilantro, garlic, onions, ginger, potatoes, coconut milk, tomato sauce, polenta, wild rice, white wine, and Monterey Jack cheese. They will keep up to a week when stored in a paper bag in the refrigerator. Chicken of the Woods mushrooms are also ideal for freezing once cooked, but when ready to use, do not thaw as it will cause the mushroom to become soggy. If foraging, use caution when trying to identify wild mushrooms. Unless there is one hundred percent certainty of a mushroom’s identification, do not eat or touch it.Ethnic/Cultural Info
Chicken of the Woods is considered a delicacy in the United States and is favored for its poultry or seafood-like flavor. In Germany and other parts of Europe, the mushroom is dried, powdered and added to flour to make bread. In Russia, Chicken of the Woods mushrooms have a long-fabled use as a natural antibiotic to help boost immunity. Traditionally, the mushroom has also been dried and powdered to use as a snuff.Geography/History
Chicken of the Woods mushrooms have been growing wild since ancient times and are primarily found growing in the hardwood forests of the eastern United States, east of the Rocky Mountains. Some varieties are also found along the western coast of North America and in Europe. Today Chicken of the Woods mushrooms can be found at local markets and specialty grocers, and there are also online kits that allow home gardeners to cultivate their own at home.
Description Courtesy of: SpecialtyProduce.com
Hello there my mycelial network! My name is Daniel and I greet you from the heart of Upstate New York cozied right next to the majestic Adirondack region. I'm a multi-state certified wild mushroom forager and Mushroom Toxicologist growing and connecting people and communities to diverse and sustainable fungi. I strive to provide only the freshest fungal ingredients and grow-your-own kits directly to your door.
There are over 200 000 wild mushroom species in this Region of the country of which about 200 are edible and only 25 worth eating and normally sold. However mushrooms picked in the wild and sold to consumers that haven’t been verified as safe by an individual with adequate training which could result in serious illness and/or death. Individuals who offer for sale wild harvested mushrooms as raw agricultural commodity or as a processed product must meet the following requirements as set forth by the State Department. This 5 year mushroom foraging permit meets the criteria required by the state health departments and formally approved for the foraging and selling of wild mushrooms in the following states: South Carolina North Carolina Georgia Virginia Pennsylvania New York Rhode Island.
Mushroom Mountain Wild Mushroom Certification Course ID -This ID verifies that the cardholder has passed a state approved mushroom toxicology identification and foraging course for the sale of specific wild mushrooms.For more details on this certification and to verify a list of wild mushrooms approved by your state visit MushroomMountain.com/wild-mushroom-food-safety-certification.Mushroom Mountain L.L.C. is not liable for any damages allergic reactions illness or death resulting from misidentification and consumption from mushrooms identified by permit holder. To verify the status of this certificate holder call (864)859-3080 or email email@example.com
Name: Daniel Babicz
Issued: 12/3/21 Expires: 12/3/26
According to state law wild foraged mushrooms species must be individually inspected and found to be safe by an approved mushroom identification expert that:
(A) Has met the requirements of knowledge and passed an exam and
(B) Will harvest only those mushrooms species listed below :Chanterelles (Cantharellus spp. Exception C. persicinus)Blue chanterelle (Polyozellus multiplex)Morels (Morchella spp.)Black trumpet (Craterellus fallax)Lobster (Hypomyces lactifluorum)Wood ears (Auricularia spp.)Chicken of the woods (Laetiporus spp. Exception L. persicinus)Beefsteak (Fistulina hepatica)Hedgehog (Hydnum repandum H. albomagnum)Lions mane / Pom Pom / Bearded tooth / Bear’s head (Hericium spp.)Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus spp. Exception Pleurotus levis P. dryinus)Cauliflower (Sparassis spp.)Maitake / Hen of the woods (Grifola frondosa)Blewit (Lepista nuda)Honey mushroom (Armillaria mellea A. tabescens)Blue milky (Lactarius indigo)Golden and burgundy milkies (Lactarius corrugis L.volemus L. hygrophoroides)Pecan truffle (Tuber spp.)Puffballs (Lycoperdon spp. Calvatia spp.)Bolete species: King bolete / Cep / Porcini (Boletus edulis B. chippewaensis)Chaga (Inonotus obliquus)Reishi mushrooms (Ganoderma curtisii G. tsugae G. sessile)Turkey tail (Trametes versicolor)Matsutake (Tricholoma magnivelare)Shaggy mane (Coprinus comatus)Candycap mushroom (Lactarius rubidus L. fragilis L. camphoratus)Saffron milky (Lactarius deliciosus)Hawk’s wing (Sarcodon imbricatus)Enoki (Flammulina velutipes)Shrimp Russula (Russula xerampelina)Umbrella Polypore (Cladomeris umbellata)Green Quilted Russula (Russula virescens Russula parvovirescens Russula crustosa)