As lovers of sushi, we’re all acquainted with the distinctive pungent taste of wasabi. This Japanese condiment is often served with sushi or sashimi. However, what most of us don’t know is that the wasabi we’re smearing on our sushi isn’t real wasabi. Instead, it's a mixture of horseradish, mustard and food coloring. The true wasabi is made only from the wasabi root and can be quite expensive. So, how much is a wasabi root, and what’s the price you’re going to pay for that fiery, flavorful green paste?
Wasabi is a type of rhizome (a horizontal underground stem) that belongs to the Brassicaceae family, similar to horseradish and mustard. It originates in Japan, where it’s known as Wasabia japonica or Eutrema japonica. The wasabi root grows slowly and requires specific conditions to thrive, such as freshwater streams with a constant temperature between 7-20°C and a PH level of 6.5-7.5. The plant takes two years to mature and reaches a height of approximately one meter. It's challenging to cultivate wasabi on a large scale, making it a bit challenging to obtain legitimate wasabi in other parts of the world.
So, how much is a wasabi root? Legitimate wasabi is quite expensive due to its rarity and the effort required to grow it. The price of a fresh wasabi root in Japan is approximately around 10,000-30,000 yen (USD 100-300) per kilogram. In the United States, the price of fresh wasabi root can reach up to $160 per kilogram. The main reason for this price discrepancy is due to the difficulty in growing and shipping fresh wasabi root to the United States.
Wasabi is usually sold in the form of fresh wasabi root, freeze-dried powder, or as a pre-made paste. In Japan, fresh wasabi root is used by high-end sushi restaurants, grated tableside for the customers, and prepared with a mixture of water and grated daikon to enhance its flavor. The freeze-dried powder is a popular alternative to the fresh root due to its accessibility and longer shelf life. The price of freeze-dried wasabi powder ranges from $13-$100 per ounce, depending on the quality. When converted to fresh wasabi root, this equates to a price range of $325-$2500 per kilogram. Pre-made wasabi paste is the most commonly used type of wasabi outside of Japan, with quick and effortless convenience. The price of pre-made wasabi paste is varied, depending on the quality and manufacturer. Its cost ranges from a few dollars to over $20 per tube.
Real, fresh wasabi root is challenging to come by in the Western world and commands a high price for the genuine experience. Alongside shipping costs, growing wasabi in the proper conditions is costly, leading to a scarcity in supply. Many restaurants opt for a cheaper alternative, mixing horseradish, mustard, and green food coloring together instead of genuine wasabi. While still spicy, this mixture lacks the signature flavor of wasabi but comes at a fraction of the price.
Genuine wasabi root comes with a high price tag due to its rarity, difficulty in cultivation, and transportation. The price of wasabi root varies depending on location and form of wasabi being obtained. Fresh wasabi root is the most expensive, costing between $100-$300 per kilogram in Japan and up to $160 per kilogram in the United States. Freeze-dried powder is a commonly used alternative, with a similarly high price of between $325-$2500 per kilogram of fresh wasabi root. Wasabi paste is the most commonly used outside of Japan, has varying prices, and is a more affordable option. While genuine wasabi root may be pricey, its unique flavor is worth every penny for those who appreciate an authentic sushi experience.
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